Temporary Protected Status (TPS) ending for many in the U.S.
The United States, under Temporary Protected Status (TPS), allows people from certain countries to stay legally in the U.S. This is done when the U.S. government determines that the return to a country would be unsafe for the individual. When the U.S. government determines that return is safe, TPS is ended and the individuals from those nations must return. Over the years, it has become routine for administrations to extend TPS for people. This has resulted in approximately 300,000 people living under TPS in the U.S.
The Trump administration appears to be ending the continuation of TPS for many people. Recently the Trump administration has announced that it would end TPS for those from Nicaragua, Honduras, and Haiti. More specifically, TPS for those from Nicaragua ends on January 5, 2019, TPS for those from Honduras ends on July 5, 2018, and TPS for those from Haiti ends on July 22, 2019.
Although no announcement has yet made regarding those from other nations that that the U.S. provides TPS status for, unless TPS is extended soon, it will also expire. The following are those nationals covered by TPS:
Nepal – expires on June 24, 2018
Somalia – expires on September 17, 2018
South Sudan – May 2, 2019
Sudan – November 2, 2018
The following are those nationals covered by TPS and don’t yet have expiration dates:
Those in the U.S. under TPS may obtain another form of legal status, such as permanent residency if they qualify as any other immigrant would. For example, if someone in the U.S. under TPS marries a U.S. citizen, that person may apply for permanent residency (green card). However, the immigrant applying for the green card would need to be eligible, just as any other applicant would need to qualify.
Many in the U.S. do not agree with the Trump administration about ending TPS for these people. They argue that it is not yet safe enough for the return to these nations. There is still much violence and poverty. Many of those here in the U.S. under TPS send money back to their home countries. These remittances are essential for many of their family back home, as well as a vital source of hard currency to those nations. Those covered by TPS can work legally in the United States. They are a source of needed labor in the U.S., pay taxes, and are not eligible for many social services in the U.S. Many in the U.S. under TPS have established many deep connections in the U.S. For example, they may have married, have children, and bought homes.
I believe that it would make more sense to have these people be eligible for permanent residency that return them to their home countries, however this seems unlikely under the current administration and Congress.